Xiaonan Lu

Xiaonan Lu

Associate Professor, Food Science



FNH 212, 2205 East Mall

UBC Food Safety & Health Engineering Laboratory

Washington State University, 2012, Postdoctoral Fellow, Molecular Microbiology

Washington State University, 2011, PhD, Food Science

Ocean University of China, 2007, BSc, Food Science and Engineering

The Lu’s Food Safety & Health Engineering Lab at UBC works on genomics, metabolomics, transcriptomics, and proteomics along with nanotechnology to investigate critical scientific questions in food science. We have interest in developing innovative and rapid sensing, instrumentation systems and detection methods for ensuring food safety as well as preventing food bioterrorism and fraud. We also apply molecular biology and genomic approaches to investigate stress response and pathogenesis of microorganisms that post threats to agri-food system and public health. Recently, we have started the investigation of the interaction between food components/diet pattern and human gut.

We focus on both mechanism elucidation and knowledge translation to tackle research challenges in food safety and food industry.

Our current research is focused on five major directions:

(1) Developing biosensor, spectroscopy and single-molecule biophotonics coupled with various separation techniques to rapidly detect chemical and microbiological hazards in food systems

(2) Campylobacter-associated food safety

(3) Food microbiology, including detection and molecular characterization of foodborne pathogens, evaluation of intervention technologies to reduce pathogens in food systems, investigation of the evolution of bacterial antibiotic resistance, assessment of bacterial biofilms, and study of bacterial response due to environmental stresses

(4) Interaction between food components/diet pattern and human gut, such as gut microbiome and gut diseases (e.g., inflammatory bowel disease, gut wounds, and colorectal cancer)

(5) Detection of food fraud and adulteration; identification of food mislabelling

Graduate Students

We recruit postdoctoral candidates all year round with excellent training and research experience in the areas of Molecular Microbiology, Food Microbiology, Analytical Chemistry, Mechanical Engineering, Chemical Engineering, and Material Science.

There are open positions for graduate students with financial support, starting Fall of each year to work in the areas of molecular microbiology, nanobiosensor, food/gut microbiome, food microfluidics, detection of food fraud, and food microbiological safety.

  • FNH 302 Food Analysis
  • FNH 520 Advances in Food Analysis/Technology

See Google Scholar for a full list of publications.

Journal Articles


‡ Graduate student, undergraduate student, and postdoctoral fellow supervised; * Senior and corresponding author

102. Wang K.‡, Zhang H.‡, Feng J.‡, Ma L.‡, de la Fuente-Núñez C., Wang S., Lu X.*, Antibiotic resistance of lactic acid bacteria isolated from dairy products in Tianjin, China. Submitted.

101. Zhao L., Wang K.‡, Yan C., Xiao J., Wu H., Zhang H., Zhang X., Zhang C., Hu Y.‡, Lu X.*, Zheng W., A PCR-based lateral flow assay for the detection of turkey ingredient in food products. Submitted.

100. Hu Y.‡, Lu X.*, Simple sample-to-answer hybrid polymer/paper microfluidic device for the authentication of pomegranate juice. Submitted.

99. Hu Y.‡, Huang S.‡, Lu X.*, Identification of seafood species using bench-top and portable Raman spectroscopy and chemometric models. Submitted.

98. Hu Y.‡, Quilliam M., Wang S., Lu X.*, Quantification of domoic acid in shellfish using 1H nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy. Submitted.

97. Hu Y.‡, Wu H., Li Z., Zheng W., Lu X.*, Application of two-dimensional gas chromatography-quadrupole mass spectrometry to determine geographical origins and harvesting seasons of orange used for juice production. Submitted.

96. Zhao L., Hu Y.‡, Liu W., Wu H., Xiao J., Zhang C., Zhang H., Zhang X., Song Y., Liu J., Lu X.*, Zheng W., Identification of camel species in food products by a nucleic acid-based lateral flow immunoassay. Submitted.

95. Feng S.‡, Choi J.R.‡, Liu X.‡, Hu Y.‡, Lu X.*, Detection of melamine using textile-based molecularly imprinted polymers chemosensor. Submitted.

94. An S., Huang Q., Hou F., Chen P., Pan H., Zhang L., Zhao Y., Lu X., Zhang X., Cerium-doped indium oxide transparent electrode for semi-transparent planar perovskite solar cells Submitted.

93. Nilghaz A.‡, Wang K.‡, Lu X.*, Development of paper-based rapid detection methods for food safety and quality analysis – current status and future trends. Submitted.

92. Huang W., Hua M.Z.‡, Li S.‡, Chen K., Lu X.*, Wu D., Exploration of fruit texture by atomic force microscopy. Submitted.

91. Liu Z., Wu C., Zhang Z., Ma L.‡, Jia M., Lu X.*, Zhang H., Detection of Escherichia coli O157:H7 and Salmonella enterica serotype Typhimurium based on cell elongation induced by beta-lactam antibiotics. Submitted.

90. Hakeem M.J.‡, Asseri K.A., Ma L.‡, Chou K.C., Konkel M.E., Lu X.*, A novel mathematical model for studying antimicrobial interactions against Campylobacter jejuni. Submitted.

89. Nilghaz A.‡, Liu X.‡, Huang Q., Lu X.*, Development of fabric-based microfluidic devices by wax printing. Submitted.

88. Zhao B.‡, Feng S.‡, Hu Y.‡, Wang S., Lu X.*, 2019. Rapid determination of atrazine in apple juice using molecularly imprinted polymers coupled with gold nanoparticles-colorimetric/SERS dual chemosensor. Food Chemistry, 276, 366-375.

87. Nilghaz A.‡, Lu X.*, 2019. Detection of antibiotic residues in pork using paper-based microfluidic device coupled with filtration and concentration. Analytica Chimica Acta, In press. DOI: 10.1016/j.aca.2018.09.041

86. Windiasti G.‡, Feng J.‡, Ma L.‡, Hu Y.‡, Hakeem M.J.‡, Amoako K., Delaquis P., Lu X.*, 2019. Investigating the synergistic antimicrobial effect of carvacrol and zinc oxide nanoparticles against Campylobacter jejuni. Food Control, 96, 39-46.

85. Li J., Ma L.‡, Liao X., Liu D., Lu X.*, Chen S., Ye X., Ding T., 2018. Ultrasound-induced Escherichia coli O157:H7 cell death exhibits physical disruption and biochemical apoptosis. Frontiers in Microbiology, 9, 2486. DOI: 10.3389/fmicb.2018.02486

84. Wang K.‡, Li S.‡, Petersen M.‡, Wang S., Lu X.*, 2018. Determination of bacterial antibiotic resistance using surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy. Nanomaterials, 8, 762. DOI: 10.3390/nano8100762

83. Tong Y., Huang Q., An S., Ren Q., Zhang L., Din Y., Lu X., Zhao Y., Zhang X., 2018. Photonic enhanced thin-film solar cells with conformal nanostructure. Solar Energy, 173, 504-510.

82. Jia M., Li S.‡, Zang L., Lu X., Zhang H., 2018. Analysis of biomolecules based on the surface enhanced Raman spectroscopy. Nanomaterials, 8, 730. DOI: 10.3390/nano8090730

81. Xue R.‡, Feng J.‡, Ma L.‡, Liu C., Xian M., Konkel M.E., Wang S., Lu X.*, 2018. Whole transcriptome sequencing analysis of synergistic antimicrobial effect of metal oxide nanoparticle and ajoene on Campylobacter jejuni. Frontiers in Microbiology, 9, 2074. DOI: 10.3389/fmicb.2018.02074

80. Hu Y.‡, Huang S.‡, Hanner R., Levin J., Lu X.*, 2018. Study of fish products in Metro Vancouver using DNA barcoding methods reveals fraudulent labeling. Food Control, 94, 38-47.

79. Ma L.‡, Feng S.‡, Fuente-Núñez C., Hancock R.E.W., Lu X.*, 2018. Development of molecularly imprinted polymers to block quorum sensing and inhibit bacterial biofilm formation. ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces, 10, 18450-18457.

78. Hua M.Z.‡, Feng S.‡, Wang S., Lu X.*, 2018. Rapid detection and quantification of 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid in milk using molecularly imprinted polymers-surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy. Food Chemistry, 258, 254-259.

77. Hua M.Z.‡, Li S.‡, Wang S., Lu X.*, 2018. Detecting chemical hazards in foods using microfluidic paper-based analytical devices (μPADs): the real-world application. Micromachines, 9, 32. DOI: 10.3390/mi9010032.

76. Choi J.R.‡, Nilghaz A.‡, Chen L., Chou K.C., Lu X.*, 2018. Modification of thread-based microfluidic device with polysiloxanes for the development of a sensitive and selective immunoassay. Sensors & Actuators B: Chemical, 260, 1043-1051.

75. Draz M.S.‡, Ma L.‡, Lu X.*, 2018. Ultrasensitive DNA detection with hydrodynamic separation of plasmonic nanoparticles and isothermal amplification. Journal of Biomedical Nanotechnology, 14, 1025-1038.

74. Tang Y.‡, Liu H., Gao J., Gao X., Lu X., Fang G., Wang J., Li J., 2018. Upconversion particle@Fe3O4@molecularly imprinted polymer with controllable shell thickness as high-performance fluorescent probe for sensing quinolones. Talanta, 181, 95-103.

73. Feng J.‡, Ma L.‡, Nie J.‡, Konkel M.E., Lu X.*, 2018. Environmental stress-induced bacterial lysis and extracellular DNA release contribute to Campylobacter jejuni biofilm formation. Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 84, e:02068-17.

72. Ma L.‡, Nilghaz A.‡, Choi J.R.‡, Liu X.‡, Lu X.*, 2018. Rapid detection of clenbuterol in milk using microfluidic paper-based ELISA. Food Chemistry, 246, 437-441.

71. Liu J., Hu Y.‡, Yang Y., Liu H., Fang G., Lu X.*, Wang S., 2018. Emerging functional nanomaterials for the detection of food contaminants. Trends in Food Science and Technology, 71, 94-106.

70. Nilghaz A.‡, Hoo S., Shen W., Lu X., Chan P.P.Y., 2018. Multilayer cell culture system supported by thread. Sensors & Actuators B: Chemical, 257, 650-657.

69. Choi J.R.‡, Long K.W., Choi J.Y., Nilghaz A.‡, Lin Y., Xu J., Lu X.*, 2018. Black phosphorus and its biomedical applications. Theranostics, 8, 1005-1026.

68. Huang Q., Lin X., Tong Y., Zhang L., Lu X., Zhao Y., Zhang X., 2018. A practical wave-optical hemispheroidal nanostructure strategy for photonic-enhanced thin film solar cells. Solar Energy Materials & Solar Cells, 176, 288-294.

67. Lu X.*, 2018. Book review of “Nanobiosensors. In: Nanotechnology in the agri-food industry”. Trends in Food Science and Technology, 71, 258.

66. Feng J.‡, Hu Y.‡, Grant E., Lu X.*, 2018. Determination of thiabendazole in orange juice using an MISPE-SERS chemosensor. Food Chemistry, 239, 816-822.

65. Hu Y.‡, Zou L., Huang X.‡, Lu X.*, 2017. Detection and quantification of offal content in ground beef using vibrational spectroscopic-based chemometric analysis. Scientific Reports, 7, 15162. DOI: 10.1038/s41598-017-15389-3

64. Zheng X.‡, Hu Y.‡, Anggreani E.‡, Lu X.*, 2017. Determination of total phenolic content and antioxidant capacity of blueberry using Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy and Raman spectroscopy. Journal of Food Measurement and Characterization, 11, 1909-1918.

63. Li J.‡, Feng J.‡, Ma L.‡, de la Fuente-Núñez C., Gölz G., Lu X.*, 2017. Effects of meat juice on biofilm formation of Campylobacter and Salmonella. International Journal of Food Microbiology, 253, 20-28.

62. Feng J.‡, Lu X.*, 2017. Book review of “Campylobacter – Feature, Detection and Prevention of Foodborne Disease”. Trends in Food Science and Technology, 66, 195.

61. Hu Y.‡, Wang S., Wang S., Lu X.*, 2017. Application of 1H solution and solid-state nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy in food adulteration determination: the example of Sudan dye I in paprika powder. Scientific Reports, 7, 2637. DOI: 10.1038/s41598-017-02921-8

60. Tang Y.‡, Zhang H., Liu X., Gao X., Lv C., Ma T., Lu X.*, Li J., 2017. Visual flow-through column biomimetic immunoassay using molecularly imprinted polymer as artificial antibody for rapid detection of clenbuterol in water samples. Food and Agricultural Immunology, 6, 949-957.

59. Tang Y.‡, Li M., Gao Z., Liu X., Gao X., Ma T., Lu X.*, Li J., 2017. Upconversion nanoparticles capped with molecularly imprinted polymer as fluorescence probe for the determination of ractopamine in water and pork. Food Analytical Methods, 10, 2964-2973.

58. Ma H.‡, Su Y.‡, Ma L.‡, Ma L.‡, Li P., Du X., Gölz G., Wang S., Lu X.*, 2017. Prevalence and characterization of Campylobacter jejuni isolated from retail chicken in Tianjin, China. Journal of Food Protection, 80, 1032-1040.

57. Tang Y.‡, Gao J., Liu X., Gao X., Ma T., Lu X.*, Li J., 2017. Ultrasensitive detection of clenbuterol by a covalent imprinted polymer as a biomimetic antibody. Food Chemistry, 228, 62-69.

56. Tang Y.‡, Zhang H., Liu X., Trofimchuk E.‡, Feng S.‡, Ma T., Gao X., Fang S., Lu X.*, 2017. Advantage of Eu3+-doped polystyrene microspheres compared with colloidal gold used in immunochromatographic assays for the detection of melamine in milk. Journal of Food Science, 82, 694-697.

55. Zhang H.‡, Ma L.‡, Hua M.Z.‡, Ma L.‡, Wang S., Lu X.*, 2017. Rapid detection of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in pork using a nucleic acid-based lateral flow immunoassay. International Journal of Food Microbiology, 243, 64-69.

54. Feng S.‡, Hu Y.‡, Ma L.‡, Lu X.*, 2017. Development of molecularly imprinted polymers-surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy/colorimetric dual sensor for determination of chlorpyrifos in apple juice. Sensors & Actuators B: Chemical, 241, 750-757.

53. Lin Y., Gritsenko D., Liu Q., Lu X., Xu J., 2016. Recent advancements in functionalized paper based electronics. ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces, 8, 20501-20515.

52. Lin Y., Gritsenko D., Feng S.‡, Teh Y.C.‡, Lu X.*, Xu J., 2016. Detection of heavy metal by paper-based microfluidics. Biosensors and Bioelectronics, 83, 256-266.

51. Yazdi A.A., D’Angelo L., Omer N., Windiasti G.‡, Lu X., Xu J., 2016. Carbon nanotube modification of microbial fuel cell electrodes. Biosensors and Bioelectronics, 85, 536-552.

50. Liao W.‡, Lu X.*, 2016. Determination of chemical hazards in foods using surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy coupled with advanced separation techniques. Trends in Food Science and Technology, 54, 103-113.

49. Hu Y.‡, Pan Z.J.‡, Liao W.‡, Li J.‡, Gruget P., Kitts D.D., Lu X.*, 2016. Determination of antioxidant capacity and phenolic content of chocolate by attenuated total reflectance-Fourier transformed-infrared spectroscopy. Food Chemistry, 202, 254-261.

48. Feng J.‡, Lamour G., Xue R.‡, Mirvakliki M.N., Hatzikiriakos S.G., Xu J., Li H., Wang S., Lu X.*, 2016. Chemical, physical and morphological properties of bacterial biofilms affect survival of encased Campylobacter jejuni F38011 under aerobic stress. International Journal of Food Microbiology, 238, 172-182.

47. Hu Y.‡, Lu X.*, 2016. Rapid detection of melamine in tap water and milk using conjugated “one-step” molecularly imprinted polymers-surface enhanced Raman spectroscopic biosensor. Journal of Food Science, 81, N1272-N1280.

46. Liang N., Lu X., Hu Y.‡, Kitts D.D., 2016. Application of attenuated total reflectance-Fourier transform infrared (ATR-FTIR) spectroscopy to determine chlorogenic acid isoform profile and antioxidant capacity of coffee beans. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 64, 681-689.

45. Draz M.S.‡, Lu X.*, 2016. Development of a loop mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) – surface enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS) assay for the detection of Salmonella enterica serotype Enteritidis. Theranostics, 6, 522-532.

44. Zhang P., Hu T., Feng S.‡, Xu Q., Zheng T., Zhou M., Chu X., Huang X., Lu X., Pan S., Li-Chan E.C.Y., Hu H., 2016. Effect of high intensity ultrasound on transglutaminase-catalyzed soy protein isolate cold set gel. Ultrasonics Sonochemistry, 29, 380-387.

43. Ovissipour M., Al-Qadiri H.M., Lu X., Hu Y.‡, Ross C.F., Van Eenennaam J.P., Doroshov S.I., Rasco B.A., 2015. The effect of white sturgeon (Acipenser transmontanus) ovarian fat deposition on caviar yield and nutritional quality: Introducing image processing method for sturgeon ovary fat determination. International Aquatic Research, 7, 263-272.

42. Gao F.‡, Grant E., Lu X.*, 2015. Determination of histamine in canned tuna by molecularly imprinted polymers-surface enhanced Raman spectroscopy. Analytica Chimica Acta, 901, 68-75.

41. Zhang H.‡, Feng S.‡, Zhao Y., Wang S., Lu X.*, 2015. Detection of Yersinia enterocolitica in milk powders by cross-priming amplification combined with immunoblotting analysis. International Journal of Food Microbiology, 214, 77-82.

40. Feng J.‡, Fuente-Núñez C., Trimble M., Xu J., Hancock R.E.W., Lu X.*, 2015. An in-situ Raman spectroscopy-based microfluidic “lab-on-a-chip” platform for non-destructive and continuous characterization of Pseudomonas aeruginosa biofilms. Chemical Communications, 51, 8966-8969.

39. Li X.‡, Feng S‡., Hu Y.‡, Sheng W., Zhang Y., Yuan S., Zeng H., Wang S., Lu X.*, 2015. Rapid detection of melamine in milk using immunological separation and surface enhanced Raman spectroscopy. Journal of Food Science, 80, C1196-C1201.

38. Wang J., Xie X., Feng J.‡, Chen J.C., Du X., Luo J., Lu X.*, Wang S., 2015. Rapid detection of Listeria monocytogenes in milk using confocal micro-Raman spectroscopy and chemometric analysis. International Journal of Food Microbiology, 204, 66-74.

37. Liu Q., Bradel-Tretheway B.G., Monreal A.I., Saludes J.P., Lu X., Nicola A.V., Aguilar H.C., 2015. Nipah virus attachment glycoprotein stalk C-terminal region links receptor binding to fusion triggering. Journal of Virology, 89, 1838-1850.

36. Feng S.‡, Lu X.*, 2015. Molecularly imprinted polymers integrated surface enhanced Raman spectroscopy: Innovative chemosensors in food analysis. Lipid Technology, 27, 14-17.

35. Gao F.‡, Hu Y.‡, Chen D., Li-Chan E.C.Y., Grant E., Lu X.*, 2015. Determination of Sudan I in paprika powder by molecularly imprinted polymers-thin layer chromatography-surface enhanced Raman spectroscopic biosensor. Talanta, 143, 344-352.

34. Guo L.‡, Feng J.‡, Fang Z., Xu J., Lu X.*, 2015. Application of microfluidic “lab-on-a-chip” for the detection of mycotoxins in foods. Trends in Food Science and Technology, 46, 252-263.

33. Chen J.‡, Feng S.‡, Gao F.‡, Grant E., Xu J., Wang S., Huang Q., Lu X.*, 2015. Fabrication of SERS-active substrates using silver nanofilm-coated porous anodic aluminum oxide for detection of antibiotics. Journal of Food Science, 80, N834-N840.

32. Hu Y.‡, Feng S.‡, Gao F.‡, Li-Chan E.C.Y., Grant E., Lu X.*, 2015. Detection of melamine in milk using molecularly imprinted polymers-surface enhanced Raman spectroscopy. Food Chemistry, 176, 123-129.

31. Gao F.‡, Feng S.‡, Chen Z., Li-Chan E.C.Y., Grant E., Lu X.*, 2014. Detection and quantification of chloramphenicol in milk and honey using molecularly imprinted polymers-Canadian penny based SERS nano-biosensor. Journal of Food Science, 79, N2542-N2549.

30. Zhang H.‡, Feng J.‡, Xue R.‡, Du X., Lu X.*, Wang S., 2014. Loop-mediated isothermal amplification assays for detecting Yersinia pseudotuberculosis in milk powders. Journal of Food Science, 79, M967-M971.

29. Feng S.‡, Eucker T.P., Holly M.K., Konkel M.E., Lu X.*, Wang S., 2014. Investigating Cronobacter sakazakii responses to garlic-derived organosulfur compounds: a systematic study of pathogenic bacteria injury using high-throughput whole transcriptome sequencing and confocal micro-Raman spectroscopy. Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 80, 959-971.

28. Feng S.‡, Gao F.‡, Chen Z., Grant E., Kitts D.D., Wang S., Lu X.*, 2013. Determination of alpha-tocopherol in vegetable oils using molecularly-imprinted polymers-surface enhanced Raman spectroscopic biosensor. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 61, 10467-10475.

27. Lu X., Talbott M.J., Webb M.A.H.,Van Eenennaam J.P., Doroshov S.I., Ovissipour M., Rasco, B.A., 2013. Determining ovarian maturity in farmed sturgeon (Acipenser transmontanus) for caviar production using Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR). Journal of Aquaculture Research & Development, 5, 202. DOI: 10.4172/2155-9546.1000202.

26. Liu Q., Stone J.A., Bradel-Tretheway B., Dabundo J., Nenavides-Montano J.A., Santos-Montanez J., Biering S.B., Nicola A.V., Iorio R.M., Lu X., Aguilar H.C., 2013. Unraveling a three-step spatiotemporal mechanism of triggering of receptor-induced Nipah virus fusion and cell entry. PloS Pathogens, 11, e1003770.

25. Lu X., Rasco B.A., 2013. Sturgeon (Acipenser transmontanus) sexual maturation and caviar quality. Reviews in Aquaculture, 5, 1-11.

24. Xu Y., Hashmi A., Yu G., Lu X., Kwon H.J., Chen X., Xu J., 2013. Microbubble array for on-chip worm processing. Applied Physics Letters, 102, 023702.

23. Lu X., Samuelson D., Xu Y., Zhang H., Wang S., Rasco B.A., Xu J., Konkel M., 2013. Detecting and tracking nosocomial methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus using a microfluidic SERS biosensor. Analytical Chemistry, 85, 2320-2327.

Prior to UBC

22. Lu X., Liu Q., Benavides-Montano J.A., Nicola A.V., Aston D.E., Rasco B.A., Aguilar, H.C., 2013. Detection of receptor-induced glycoprotein conformational changes on enveloped virions using confocal micro-Raman spectroscopy. Journal of Virology, 87, 3130-3142.

21. Wang J., Du X., Lu X., Wang S., 2013. Immunoproteomic identification of immunogenic proteins in Cronobacter sakazakii strain BAA-894. Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology, 97, 2077-2091.

20. Syamaladevi R.M., Lu X., Sablani S.S., Kumar S., Adhikari A., Killinger K., Rasco B., Dhingra A., Bandyopadhyay A., 2013. Inactivation of Escherichia coli population on fruit surfaces using ultraviolet-C light: influence of fruit surface characteristics. Food and Bioprocess Technology, 6, 2959-2973.

19. Yuan M., Na Y., Li L., Liu B., Sheng W., Lu X., Kennedy I.R., Crossan A., Wang S., 2012. Computer-aided molecular modeling study on antibody recognition of small molecules: an immunoassay for triazine herbicides. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 60, 10486-10493.

18. Neal-McKinney J.M., Lu X., Duong T., Larson C.L., Call D.R., Shah D.H., Konkel M.E., 2012. Production of organic acids by probiotic lactobacilli can be used to reduce pathogen load in poultry. PloS ONE, 7, e43928.

17. Lu X., Huang Q., Miller W.G., Aston D.E., Xu J., Xue F., Zhang H., Rasco B.A., Wang S., Konkel M.E., 2012. Comprehensive detection and discrimination of Campylobacter species by use of confocal micro-Raman spectroscopy and multilocus sequence typing. Journal of Clinical Microbiology, 50, 2932-2946.

16. Lu X., Weakley A.T., Aston D.E., Rasco B.A., Wang S., Konkel M.E., 2012. Examination of nanoparticle inactivation of Campylobacter jejuni biofilms using infrared and Raman spectroscopies. Journal of Applied Microbiology, 113, 952-963.

15. Du X., Wang F., Lu X., Rasco B.A., Wang S., 2012. Biochemical and genetic characteristics of Cronobacter sakazakii biofilms formation. Research in Microbiology, 163, 448-456.

14. Lu X., Samuelson D.R., Rasco B.A., Konkel M.E., 2012. Antimicrobial effect of diallyl sulphide on Campylobacter jejuni biofilms. Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy, 67, 1915-1926.

13. Lu X., Rasco B.A., 2012. Determination of antioxidant content and antioxidant activity in foods using infrared spectroscopy and chemometrics: a review. Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition, 52, 853-875.

12. Liu Q., Lu X., Swanson B.G., Rasco B.A., Kang D.-H., 2012. Monitoring ultraviolet (UV) radiation inactivation of Cronobacter sakazakii in dry infant formula using Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy. Journal of Food Science, 77(1), M86-M93.

11. Lu X., Rasco B.A., Jabal J.M.F., Aston D.E., Lin M., Konkel M.E., 2011. Investigating antibacterial mechanisms of garlic (Allium sativum) concentrate and garlic-derived organosulfur compounds on Campylobacter jejuni using FT-IR spectroscopy, Raman spectroscopy and electron microscope. Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 77, 5257-5269.

10. Lu X., Rasco B.A., Kang D.-H., Jabal J.M.F., Aston D.E., Konkel M.E., 2011. Infrared and Raman spectroscopic studies of the antimicrobial mechanisms of garlic concentrates and diallyl constituents on foodborne pathogens. Analytical Chemistry, 83, 4137-4146.

9. Lu X., Al-Qadiri H.M., Lin M., Rasco B.A., 2011. Application of mid-infrared and Raman spectroscopy to the study of bacteria. Food and Bioprocess Technology, 4, 919-935.

8. Lu X., Wang J., Al-Qadiri H.M., Ross C.F., Powers J.R., Tang J., Rasco B.A., 2011. Determination of total phenolic content and antioxidant capacity of onion (Allium cepa) and onion shallot (Allium oschaninii) using infrared spectroscopy. Food Chemistry, 129, 637-644.

7. Lu X., Ross C.F., Powers J.R., Rasco B.A., 2011. Determination of quercetins in onion (Allium cepa) using infrared spectroscopy. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 59, 6376-6382.

6. Lu X., Ross C.F., Powers J.R., Aston, D.E., Rasco B.A., 2011. Determination of total phenolic content and antioxidant activity of garlic (Allium sativum) and elephant garlic (Allium ampeloprasum) by attenuated total reflectance – Fourier transformed infrared spectroscopy. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 59, 5215-5221.

5. Lu X., Liu Q., Wu D., Al-Qadiri H.M., Al-Alami N.I., Kang D.-H., Shin J.-H., Tang J., Jabal J.M.F., Aston E.D., Rasco B.A., 2011. Using of infrared spectroscopy to study the survival and injury of Escherichia coli O157:H7, Campylobacter jejuni and Pseudomonas aeruginosaunder cold stress in low nutrient media. Food Microbiology, 28, 537-546.

4. Wang J., Yue T., Yuan Y., Lu X., Shin J.-H., Rasco B., 2011. Rapid discrimination of Alicyclobacillus strains using nitrocellulose membrane filter and attenuated total reflectance Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy. Journal of Food Science, 76(2), M137-M142.

3. Al-Qadiri H.M., Lu X., Al-Alami N.I., Rasco B.A., 2011. Survival of Escherichia coli O157:H7 and Campylobacter jejuni in bottled purified drinking water under different storage conditions. Journal of Food Protection, 74, 254-260.

2. Lu X., Webb M.A.H., Talbott M.J., Van Eenennaam J.P., Doroshov S.I., Rasco, B.A., 2011. A study of morphological and biochemical parameters in farmed white sturgeon (Acipenser transmontanus) by Fourier Transform Infrared (FT-IR) Spectroscopy. Aquaculture, 315, 298-305.

1. Lu X., Webb M., Talbott M., Van Eenennaam J., Palumbo A., Linares-Casenave J., Doroshov S., Struffenegger P., Rasco B., 2010. Distinguishing ovarian maturity of farmed white sturgeon (Acipenser transmontanus) by Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy: a potential tool for caviar production management. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 58, 4056-4064.


Lu X., 2017. Sensing Techniques for Food Safety and Quality Control. Royal Society of Chemistry.

Book Chapters

Nilghaz A.‡, Trofimchuk E.‡, Lu X.*, 2017. Colorimetric-based sensing in food safety and quality analysis. In: Sensing Techniques for Food Safety and Quality Control, pp. 121-140 (Ed. X. Lu). Royal Society of Chemistry.

Gao F.‡, Lu X.*, 2015. Detection of pesticides in foods by enzymatic biosensor. In: Improving and tailing enzymes for food quality and functionality, pp. 147-161 (Ed. R. Yada). Woodhead Publishing, Ltd.

Lu X., 2014. Recent developments in infrared spectroscopy for the detection of food chemical hazards. In: Food Chemical Hazard Detection: Development and Application of New Technologies, pp. 175-190 (Ed. S. Wang). Wiley-Blackwell, Ltd.

Lu X., Rasco B., 2010. Investigating food spoilage and pathogenic microorganisms by mid-infrared spectroscopy. In: Applications of Vibrational Spectroscopy in Food Science, pp. 675-694 (Eds. E.C.Y. Li-Chan, P.R. Griffiths and J.M. Chalmers). John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • Outstanding Student Award, Institute of Food Technologists , 2009
  • Young Scientist Travel Award, Agricultural & Food Chemistry Division, American Chemical Society , 2014
  • Young Scientist Excellence Award, International Union of Food Science and Technology , 2015
  • Editorial Board Member, Journal of Food Science , 2016
  • Editorial Board Member, Applied and Environmental Microbiology , 2017
  • Editorial Board Member, Food and Agricultural Immunology , 2017
  • UBC Peter Wall Scholar , 2017
  • Larry Beuchat Young Researcher Award, International Association for Food Protection , 2017
  • Adjunct Professor, UBC Microsystems and Nanotechnology (MiNa) Group , 2017
  • Adjunct Professor, UBC BioProducts Institute , 2017