Associate Professor, Food Science
phone: 6048222551
fax: 6048225143
FNH 212
2205 East Mall
Vancouver, BC V6T 1Z4


Washington State University, 2012, Postdoctoral Fellow, Molecular Microbiology
Washington State University, 2011, PhD, Food Science
Ocean University of China, 2007, BSc, Food Science and Engineering


The Lu’s Food Safety Engineering Lab at UBC works on developing innovative and rapid sensing, instrumentation systems and detection methods for ensuring food safety and preventing food bioterrorism. Students in the Lu lab employ their diverse backgrounds in engineering, analytical chemistry, molecular microbiology, biophysics and advanced mathematics to develop novel biophotonic, nano-biosensing and nano-optical imaging techniques and apply these to a variety of systems related to food chemical and microbiological (pathogenic bacteria and highly-contagious virus) safety.

We focus on both mechanism elucidation and knowledge translation to tackle research challenges in food safety and food industry.

Our current research is focused on six major directions:

(1) Developing nano-biosensor and nano-based single-molecule biophotonics coupled with various separation techniques to rapidly detect chemical and microbiological hazards in food systems;

(2) Campylobacter-associated food safety;

(3) Food microbiology, including detection and molecular characterization of foodborne pathogens, evaluation of intervention technologies to reduce pathogens in food systems, assessment of bacterial biofilms, and study of bacterial response due to environmental stresses;

(4) Characterization of emerging foodborne viruses, nanoscopic optical imaging for contagious virus tracking and virus-host cell interaction investigation;

(5) Development and application of advanced mathematical modelling to monitor and predict the prevalence of foodborne pathogens (bacteria and viruses) in agri-food systems;

(6) Detection of food fraud and adulteration; identification of food mislabelling.


  • FNH 302 Food Analysis
  • FNH 520 Advances in Food Analysis/Technology

Selected Publications

See Google Scholar for a full list of publications.

Journal Articles


‡ Graduate student, undergraduate student, and postdoctoral fellow supervised; * Senior and corresponding author

82. Windiasti G.‡, Feng J.‡, Ma L.‡, Hakeem M.J.‡, Amoako K., Delaquis P., Lu X.*, 2018. Investigating the synergistic antimicrobial effect of carvacrol and zinc oxide nanoparticles against Campylobacter jejuni. Submitted.

81. Hakeem M.J.‡, Asseri K.A., Ma L.‡, Chou K.C., Konkel M.E., Lu X.*, 2018. A novel mathematical model for studying antimicrobial interactions against Campylobacter jejuni. Submitted.

80. Feng J.‡, Xue R.‡, Ma L.‡, Liu C., Xian M., Konkel M.E., Wang S., Lu X.*, 2018. Whole transcriptome sequencing analysis of synergistic antimicrobial effect of metal oxide nanoparticle and ajoene on Campylobacter jejuni. Submitted.

79. Feng J.‡, Ma L.‡, Nie J.‡, Konkel M.E., Lu X.*, 2018. Environmental stress-induced bacterial lysis and extracellular DNA release contribute to Campylobacter jejuni biofilm formation. Submitted.

78. Nilghaz A.‡, Choi J.R.‡, Liu X.‡, Huang Q., Lu X.*, 2018. Development of two- and three-dimensional fabric-based microfluidic devices by wax printing. Submitted.

77. Ma L.‡, Nilghaz A.‡, Choi J.R.‡, Liu X.‡, Lu X.*, 2018. Rapid detection of clenbuterol in milk using chemically-modified microfluidic paper-based analytical devices. Submitted.

76. Choi J.R.‡, Nilghaz A.‡, Lu X.*, 2018. Modification of thread-based microfluidic device with polysiloxanes for the development of a sensitive and selective immunoassay. Submitted.

75. Nilghaz A.‡, Choi J.R.‡, Lu X.*, 2018. Detection of antibiotic residues in pork using paper-based microfluidic device coupled with filtration and concentration. Submitted.

74. Hua M.Z.‡, Feng S.‡, Wang S., Lu X.*, 2018. Rapid detection and quantification of 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid in milk using molecularly imprinted polymers-surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy. Submitted.

73. Draz M.S.‡, Ma L.‡, Lu X.*, 2018. Ultrasensitive DNA detection with hydrodynamic separation of plasmonic Au nanoparticles and isothermal amplification. Submitted.

72. Tang Y.‡, Gao J., Wang S., Liu X., Gao X., Lu X.*, Li J., 2018. Multifunctional molecularly imprinted upconversion probe for sensing quinolones. Submitted.

71. Liu J., Hu Y.‡, Yang Y., Liu H., Fang G., Lu X.*, Wang S., 2018. Emerging functional nanomaterials for the detection of food contaminants. Trends in Food Science and Technology, In press. DOI: 10.1016/j.tifs.2017.11.005.

70. Nilghaz A.‡, Hoo S., Shen W., Lu X., Chan P.P.Y., 2018. Multilayer cell culture system supported by thread. Sensors & Actuators B: Chemical, 257, 650-657.

69. Choi J.R.‡, Long K.W., Choi J.Y., Nilghaz A.‡, Lin Y., Xu J., Lu X.*, 2018. Black phosphorus and its biomedical applications. Theranostics, In press. DOI: 10.7150/thno.22573

68. Huang Q., Lin X., Tong Y., Zhang L., Lu X., Zhao Y., Zhang X., 2018. A practical wave-optical hemispheroidal nanostructure strategy for photonic-enhanced thin film solar cells. Solar Energy Materials & Solar Cells, In press. DOI: 10.1016/j.solmat.2017.08.037.

67. Lu X.*, 2018. Book review of “Nanobiosensors. In: Nanotechnology in the agri-food industry”. Trends in Food Science and Technology, In press. DOI: 10.1016/j.tifs.2017.04.009.

66. Feng J.‡, Hu Y.‡, Grant E., Lu X.*, 2018. Determination of thiabendazole in orange juice using an MISPE-SERS chemosensor. Food Chemistry, 239, 816-822.

65. Hu Y.‡, Zou L., Huang X.‡, Lu X.*, 2017. Detection and quantification of offal content in ground beef using vibrational spectroscopic-based chemometric analysis. Scientific Reports, 7, 15162. DOI: 10.1038/s41598-017-15389-3

64. Zheng X.‡, Hu Y.‡, Anggreani E.‡, Lu X.*, 2017. Determination of total phenolic content and antioxidant capacity of blueberry using Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy and Raman spectroscopy. Journal of Food Measurement and Characterization, 11, 1909-1918.

63. Li J.‡, Feng J.‡, Ma L.‡, de la Fuente-Núñez C., Gölz G., Lu X.*, 2017. Effects of meat juice on biofilm formation of Campylobacter and Salmonella. International Journal of Food Microbiology, 253, 20-28.

62. Feng J.‡, Lu X.*, 2017. Book review of “Campylobacter – Feature, Detection and Prevention of Foodborne Disease”. Trends in Food Science and Technology, 66, 195.

61. Hu Y.‡, Wang S., Wang S., Lu X.*, 2017. Application of 1H solution and solid-state nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy in food adulteration determination: the example of Sudan dye I in paprika powder. Scientific Reports, 7, 2637. DOI: 10.1038/s41598-017-02921-8

60. Tang Y.‡, Zhang H., Liu X., Gao X., Lv C., Ma T., Lu X.*, Li J., 2017. Visual flow-through column biomimetic immunoassay using molecularly imprinted polymer as artificial antibody for rapid detection of clenbuterol in water samples. Food and Agricultural Immunology, 6, 949-957.

59. Tang Y.‡, Li M., Gao Z., Liu X., Gao X., Ma T., Lu X.*, Li J., 2017. Upconversion nanoparticles capped with molecularly imprinted polymer as fluorescence probe for the determination of ractopamine in water and pork. Food Analytical Methods10, 2964-2973.

58. Ma H.‡, Su Y.‡, Ma L.‡, Ma L.‡, Li P., Du X., Gölz G., Wang S., Lu X.*, 2017. Prevalence and characterization of Campylobacter jejuni isolated from retail chicken in Tianjin, China. Journal of Food Protection, 80, 1032-1040.

57. Tang Y.‡, Gao J., Liu X., Gao X., Ma T., Lu X.*, Li J., 2017. Ultrasensitive detection of clenbuterol by a covalent imprinted polymer as a biomimetic antibody. Food Chemistry, 228, 62-69.

56. Tang Y.‡, Zhang H., Liu X., Trofimchuk E.‡, Feng S.‡, Ma T., Gao X., Fang S., Lu X.*, 2017. Advantage of Eu3+-doped polystyrene microspheres compared with colloidal gold used in immunochromatographic assays for the detection of melamine in milk. Journal of Food Science, 82, 694-697.

55. Zhang H.‡, Ma L.‡, Hua M.Z.‡, Ma L.‡, Wang S., Lu X.*, 2017. Rapid detection of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in pork using a nucleic acid-based lateral flow immunoassay. International Journal of Food Microbiology, 243, 64-69.

54. Feng S.‡, Hu Y.‡, Ma L.‡, Lu X.*, 2017. Development of molecularly imprinted polymers-surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy/colorimetric dual sensor for determination of chlorpyrifos in apple juice. Sensors & Actuators B: Chemical, 241, 750-757.

53. Lin Y., Gritsenko D., Liu Q., Lu X., Xu J., 2016. Recent advancements in functionalized paper based electronics. ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces, 8, 20501-20515.

52. Lin Y., Gritsenko D., Feng S.‡, Teh Y.C.‡, Lu X.*, Xu J., 2016. Detection of heavy metal by paper-based microfluidics. Biosensors and Bioelectronics, 83, 256-266.

51. Yazdi A.A., D’Angelo L., Omer N., Windiasti G.‡, Lu X., Xu J., 2016. Carbon nanotube modification of microbial fuel cell electrodes. Biosensors and Bioelectronics, 85, 536-552.

50. Liao W.‡, Lu X.*, 2016. Determination of chemical hazards in foods using surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy coupled with advanced separation techniques. Trends in Food Science and Technology, 54, 103-113.

49. Hu Y.‡, Pan Z.J.‡, Liao W.‡, Li J.‡, Gruget P., Kitts D.D., Lu X.*, 2016. Determination of antioxidant capacity and phenolic content of chocolate by attenuated total reflectance-Fourier transformed-infrared spectroscopy. Food Chemistry, 202, 254-261.

48. Feng J.‡, Lamour G., Xue R.‡, Mirvakliki M.N., Hatzikiriakos S.G., Xu J., Li H., Wang S., Lu X.*, 2016. Chemical, physical and morphological properties of bacterial biofilms affect survival of encased Campylobacter jejuni F38011 under aerobic stress. International Journal of Food Microbiology, 238, 172-182.

47. Hu Y.‡, Lu X.*, 2016. Rapid detection of melamine in tap water and milk using conjugated “one-step” molecularly imprinted polymers-surface enhanced Raman spectroscopic biosensor. Journal of Food Science, 81, N1272-N1280.

46. Liang N., Lu X., Hu Y.‡, Kitts D.D., 2016. Application of attenuated total reflectance-Fourier transform infrared (ATR-FTIR) spectroscopy to determine chlorogenic acid isoform profile and antioxidant capacity of coffee beans. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 64, 681-689.

45. Draz M.S.‡, Lu X.*, 2016. Development of a loop mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) – surface enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS) assay for the detection of Salmonella enterica serotype Enteritidis. Theranostics, 6, 522-532.

44. Zhang P., Hu T., Feng S.‡, Xu Q., Zheng T., Zhou M., Chu X., Huang X., Lu X., Pan S., Li-Chan E.C.Y., Hu H., 2016. Effect of high intensity ultrasound on transglutaminase-catalyzed soy protein isolate cold set gel. Ultrasonics Sonochemistry, 29, 380-387.

43. Ovissipour M., Al-Qadiri H.M., Lu X., Hu Y.‡, Ross C.F., Van Eenennaam J.P., Doroshov S.I., Rasco B.A., 2015. The effect of white sturgeon (Acipenser transmontanus) ovarian fat deposition on caviar yield and nutritional quality: Introducing image processing method for sturgeon ovary fat determination. International Aquatic Research, 7, 263-272.

42. Gao F.‡, Grant E., Lu X.*, 2015. Determination of histamine in canned tuna by molecularly imprinted polymers-surface enhanced Raman spectroscopy. Analytica Chimica Acta, 901, 68-75.

41. Zhang H.‡, Feng S.‡, Zhao Y., Wang S., Lu X.*, 2015. Detection of Yersinia enterocolitica in milk powders by cross-priming amplification combined with immunoblotting analysis. International Journal of Food Microbiology, 214, 77-82.

40. Feng J.‡, Fuente-Núñez C., Trimble M., Xu J., Hancock R.E.W., Lu X.*, 2015. An in-situ Raman spectroscopy-based microfluidic “lab-on-a-chip” platform for non-destructive and continuous characterization of Pseudomonas aeruginosa biofilms. Chemical Communications, 51, 8966-8969.

39. Li X.‡, Feng S‡., Hu Y.‡, Sheng W., Zhang Y., Yuan S., Zeng H., Wang S., Lu X.*, 2015. Rapid detection of melamine in milk using immunological separation and surface enhanced Raman spectroscopy. Journal of Food Science, 80, C1196-C1201.

38. Wang J., Xie X., Feng J.‡, Chen J.C., Du X., Luo J., Lu X.*, Wang S., 2015. Rapid detection of Listeria monocytogenes in milk using confocal micro-Raman spectroscopy and chemometric analysis. International Journal of Food Microbiology, 204, 66-74.

37. Liu Q., Bradel-Tretheway B.G., Monreal A.I., Saludes J.P., Lu X., Nicola A.V., Aguilar H.C., 2015. Nipah virus attachment glycoprotein stalk C-terminal region links receptor binding to fusion triggering. Journal of Virology, 89, 1838-1850.

36. Feng S.‡, Lu X.*, 2015. Molecularly imprinted polymers integrated surface enhanced Raman spectroscopy: Innovative chemosensors in food analysis. Lipid Technology, 27, 14-17.

35. Gao F.‡, Hu Y.‡, Chen D., Li-Chan E.C.Y., Grant E., Lu X.*, 2015. Determination of Sudan I in paprika powder by molecularly imprinted polymers-thin layer chromatography-surface enhanced Raman spectroscopic biosensor. Talanta, 143, 344-352.

34. Guo L.‡, Feng J.‡, Fang Z., Xu J., Lu X.*, 2015. Application of microfluidic “lab-on-a-chip” for the detection of mycotoxins in foods. Trends in Food Science and Technology, 46, 252-263.

33. Chen J.‡, Feng S.‡, Gao F.‡, Grant E., Xu J., Wang S., Huang Q., Lu X.*, 2015. Fabrication of SERS-active substrates using silver nanofilm-coated porous anodic aluminum oxide for detection of antibiotics. Journal of Food Science, 80, N834-N840.

32. Hu Y.‡, Feng S.‡, Gao F.‡, Li-Chan E.C.Y., Grant E., Lu X.*, 2015. Detection of melamine in milk using molecularly imprinted polymers-surface enhanced Raman spectroscopy. Food Chemistry, 176, 123-129.

31. Gao F.‡, Feng S.‡, Chen Z., Li-Chan E.C.Y., Grant E., Lu X.*, 2014. Detection and quantification of chloramphenicol in milk and honey using molecularly imprinted polymers-Canadian penny based SERS nano-biosensor. Journal of Food Science, 79, N2542-N2549.

30. Zhang H.‡, Feng J.‡, Xue R.‡, Du X., Lu X.*, Wang S., 2014. Loop-mediated isothermal amplification assays for detecting Yersinia pseudotuberculosis in milk powders. Journal of Food Science, 79, M967-M971.

29. Feng S.‡, Eucker T.P., Holly M.K., Konkel M.E., Lu X.*, Wang S., 2014. Investigating Cronobacter sakazakii responses to garlic-derived organosulfur compounds: a systematic study of pathogenic bacteria injury using high-throughput whole transcriptome sequencing and confocal micro-Raman spectroscopy. Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 80, 959-971.

28. Feng S.‡, Gao F.‡, Chen Z., Grant E., Kitts D.D., Wang S., Lu X.*, 2013. Determination of alpha-tocopherol in vegetable oils using molecularly-imprinted polymers-surface enhanced Raman spectroscopic biosensor. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 61, 10467-10475.

27. Lu X., Talbott M.J., Webb M.A.H.,Van Eenennaam J.P., Doroshov S.I., Ovissipour M., Rasco, B.A., 2013. Determining ovarian maturity in farmed sturgeon (Acipenser transmontanus) for caviar production using Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR). Journal of Aquaculture Research & Development, 5, 202. DOI: 10.4172/2155-9546.1000202.

26. Liu Q., Stone J.A., Bradel-Tretheway B., Dabundo J., Nenavides-Montano J.A., Santos-Montanez J., Biering S.B., Nicola A.V., Iorio R.M., Lu X., Aguilar H.C., 2013. Unraveling a three-step spatiotemporal mechanism of triggering of receptor-induced Nipah virus fusion and cell entry. PloS Pathogens, 11, e1003770.

25. Lu X., Rasco B.A., 2013. Sturgeon (Acipenser transmontanus) sexual maturation and caviar quality. Reviews in Aquaculture, 5, 1-11.

24. Xu Y., Hashmi A., Yu G., Lu X., Kwon H.J., Chen X., Xu J., 2013. Microbubble array for on-chip worm processing. Applied Physics Letters, 102, 023702.

23. Lu X., Samuelson D., Xu Y., Zhang H., Wang S., Rasco B.A., Xu J., Konkel M., 2013. Detecting and tracking nosocomial methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus using a microfluidic SERS biosensor. Analytical Chemistry, 85, 2320-2327.

Prior to UBC

22. Lu X., Liu Q., Benavides-Montano J.A., Nicola A.V., Aston D.E., Rasco B.A., Aguilar, H.C., 2013. Detection of receptor-induced glycoprotein conformational changes on enveloped virions using confocal micro-Raman spectroscopy. Journal of Virology, 87, 3130-3142.

21. Wang J., Du X., Lu X., Wang S., 2013. Immunoproteomic identification of immunogenic proteins in Cronobacter sakazakii strain BAA-894. Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology, 97, 2077-2091.

20. Syamaladevi R.M., Lu X., Sablani S.S., Kumar S., Adhikari A., Killinger K., Rasco B., Dhingra A., Bandyopadhyay A., 2013. Inactivation of Escherichia coli population on fruit surfaces using ultraviolet-C light: influence of fruit surface characteristics. Food and Bioprocess Technology, 6, 2959-2973.

19. Yuan M., Na Y., Li L., Liu B., Sheng W., Lu X., Kennedy I.R., Crossan A., Wang S., 2012. Computer-aided molecular modeling study on antibody recognition of small molecules: an immunoassay for triazine herbicides. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 60, 10486-10493.

18. Neal-McKinney J.M., Lu X., Duong T., Larson C.L., Call D.R., Shah D.H., Konkel M.E., 2012. Production of organic acids by probiotic lactobacilli can be used to reduce pathogen load in poultry. PloS ONE, 7, e43928.

17. Lu X., Huang Q., Miller W.G., Aston D.E., Xu J., Xue F., Zhang H., Rasco B.A., Wang S., Konkel M.E., 2012. Comprehensive detection and discrimination of Campylobacter species by use of confocal micro-Raman spectroscopy and multilocus sequence typing. Journal of Clinical Microbiology, 50, 2932-2946.

16. Lu X., Weakley A.T., Aston D.E., Rasco B.A., Wang S., Konkel M.E., 2012. Examination of nanoparticle inactivation of Campylobacter jejuni biofilms using infrared and Raman spectroscopies. Journal of Applied Microbiology, 113, 952-963.

15. Du X., Wang F., Lu X., Rasco B.A., Wang S., 2012. Biochemical and genetic characteristics of Cronobacter sakazakii biofilms formation. Research in Microbiology, 163, 448-456.

14. Lu X., Samuelson D.R., Rasco B.A., Konkel M.E., 2012. Antimicrobial effect of diallyl sulphide on Campylobacter jejuni biofilms. Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy, 67, 1915-1926.

13. Lu X., Rasco B.A., 2012. Determination of antioxidant content and antioxidant activity in foods using infrared spectroscopy and chemometrics: a review. Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition, 52, 853-875.

12. Liu Q., Lu X., Swanson B.G., Rasco B.A., Kang D.-H., 2012. Monitoring ultraviolet (UV) radiation inactivation of Cronobacter sakazakii in dry infant formula using Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy. Journal of Food Science, 77(1), M86-M93.

11. Lu X., Rasco B.A., Jabal J.M.F., Aston D.E., Lin M., Konkel M.E., 2011. Investigating antibacterial mechanisms of garlic (Allium sativum) concentrate and garlic-derived organosulfur compounds on Campylobacter jejuni using FT-IR spectroscopy, Raman spectroscopy and electron microscope. Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 77, 5257-5269.

10. Lu X., Rasco B.A., Kang D.-H., Jabal J.M.F., Aston D.E., Konkel M.E., 2011. Infrared and Raman spectroscopic studies of the antimicrobial mechanisms of garlic concentrates and diallyl constituents on foodborne pathogens. Analytical Chemistry, 83, 4137-4146.

9. Lu X., Al-Qadiri H.M., Lin M., Rasco B.A., 2011. Application of mid-infrared and Raman spectroscopy to the study of bacteria. Food and Bioprocess Technology, 4, 919-935.

8. Lu X., Wang J., Al-Qadiri H.M., Ross C.F., Powers J.R., Tang J., Rasco B.A., 2011. Determination of total phenolic content and antioxidant capacity of onion (Allium cepa) and onion shallot (Allium oschaninii) using infrared spectroscopy. Food Chemistry, 129, 637-644.

7. Lu X., Ross C.F., Powers J.R., Rasco B.A., 2011. Determination of quercetins in onion (Allium cepa) using infrared spectroscopy. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 59, 6376-6382.

6. Lu X., Ross C.F., Powers J.R., Aston, D.E., Rasco B.A., 2011. Determination of total phenolic content and antioxidant activity of garlic (Allium sativum) and elephant garlic (Allium ampeloprasum) by attenuated total reflectance – Fourier transformed infrared spectroscopy. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 59, 5215-5221.

5. Lu X., Liu Q., Wu D., Al-Qadiri H.M., Al-Alami N.I., Kang D.-H., Shin J.-H., Tang J., Jabal J.M.F., Aston E.D., Rasco B.A., 2011. Using of infrared spectroscopy to study the survival and injury of Escherichia coli O157:H7, Campylobacter jejuni and Pseudomonas aeruginosaunder cold stress in low nutrient media. Food Microbiology, 28, 537-546.

4. Wang J., Yue T., Yuan Y., Lu X., Shin J.-H., Rasco B., 2011. Rapid discrimination of Alicyclobacillus strains using nitrocellulose membrane filter and attenuated total reflectance Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy. Journal of Food Science, 76(2), M137-M142.

3. Al-Qadiri H.M., Lu X., Al-Alami N.I., Rasco B.A., 2011. Survival of Escherichia coli O157:H7 and Campylobacter jejuni in bottled purified drinking water under different storage conditions. Journal of Food Protection, 74, 254-260.

2. Lu X., Webb M.A.H., Talbott M.J., Van Eenennaam J.P., Doroshov S.I., Rasco, B.A., 2011. A study of morphological and biochemical parameters in farmed white sturgeon (Acipenser transmontanus) by Fourier Transform Infrared (FT-IR) Spectroscopy. Aquaculture, 315, 298-305.

1. Lu X., Webb M., Talbott M., Van Eenennaam J., Palumbo A., Linares-Casenave J., Doroshov S., Struffenegger P., Rasco B., 2010. Distinguishing ovarian maturity of farmed white sturgeon (Acipenser transmontanus) by Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy: a potential tool for caviar production management. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 58, 4056-4064.


Lu X., 2017. Sensing Techniques for Food Safety and Quality Control. Royal Society of Chemistry.

Book Chapters

Nilghaz A.‡, Trofimchuk E.‡, Lu X.*, 2017. Colorimetric-based sensing in food safety and quality analysis. In: Sensing Techniques for Food Safety and Quality Control. (Ed. X. Lu). Royal Society of Chemistry.

Gao F.‡, Lu X.*, 2015. Detection of pesticides in foods by enzymatic biosensor. In: Improving and tailing enzymes for food quality and functionality, pp. 147-161 (Ed. R. Yada). Woodhead Publishing, Ltd.

Lu X., 2014. Recent developments in infrared spectroscopy for the detection of food chemical hazards. In: Food Chemical Hazard Detection: Development and Application of New Technologies, pp. 175-190 (Ed. S. Wang). Wiley-Blackwell, Ltd.

Lu X., Rasco B., 2010. Investigating food spoilage and pathogenic microorganisms by mid-infrared spectroscopy. In: Applications of Vibrational Spectroscopy in Food Science, pp. 675-694 (Eds. E.C.Y. Li-Chan, P.R. Griffiths and J.M. Chalmers). John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Awards & Honours

Outstanding Student Award, Institute of Food Technologists , 2009
Young Scientist Travel Award, Agricultural & Food Chemistry Division, American Chemical Society , 2014
Young Scientist Excellence Award, International Union of Food Science and Technology , 2015
Editorial Board Member, Journal of Food Science , 2016
Editorial Board Member, Applied and Environmental Microbiology , 2017
Editorial Board Member, Food and Agricultural Immunology , 2017
UBC Peter Wall Scholar , 2017
Larry Beuchat Young Researcher Award, International Association for Food Protection , 2017
Adjunct Professor, UBC Microsystems and Nanotechnology (MiNa) Group , 2017